Easy How-To Guide for Installing Solar Off-Grid Systems
Let us talk about how to install solar panels. You can use the services of a solar EPC Company or can do-it-yourself. Here’s a simple and easy solar installation guide to follow for solar off-grid systems. A prospective solar buyer can read this and understand how to install solar panels on his own at his home.
Solar Panel Installation Made Easy
The solar PV module’s mounting structure provides the base for the entire solar system so make sure it is sturdy and properly fastened to the rooftops of your house or commercial establishment. A typical mounting structure is made up of aluminum. The performance of the solar panels depends on the direction in which these panels are placed. The best direction to face solar panels is south since here they receive the maximum sunlight. East and west directions also work well. North is the only direction that we shouldn’t put the solar panels. The rooftop solar mounting structure is used to fix solar panels with it. This is ready to use the structure of 1kw offered by WhiteShark Energy. You can connect 4 solar panels of 270 watts.
Which Angle will be Best for Solar Panel Installation
The solar panel tilt angle should be decided according to the latitude of your location. It is generally believed that the modules placed at a tilt angle equivalent to the latitude of the place, would generate the maximum energy output. You can also use a solar tracker to increase conversion efficiency. The latitude of Odisha lies in between 18-240.
Assemble Solar Panels
Once the solar panel structures are fixed accurately, the solar installers will connect it with the solar PV modules. Later, they ensure that all nuts and bolts of solar modules are fixed with solar structure so that it is properly secured and lasts long.
Take Care of Electrical Wiring
Right connectors are used to connect solar panels. These are universal connectors and can be connected with any type of solar panel. The solar array wiring becomes simpler and faster using MC4 connectors. Few modern solar modules come with wire leads that have MC4 connectors on the ends, else they have a built-in junction box at the back with wires jotting out. In a series connection, you will have to connect the positive wire from one module to the negative wire of another module. In a parallel connection, you connect the positive to positive and negative to negative leads. A parallel connection maintains the voltage of each panel while a series connection increases the voltage in order to match it with the battery bank.
Connection between Solar Panel & Solar Inverter
The backside of an inverter is shown where solar panel wire is connected. Connect the positive wire from the solar panel with the positive inverter terminal and the negative wire with the negative terminal of the inverter. There are other connections too like battery wire connection and output wire connection with the inverter. In all, solar panel, solar battery and grid input are connected with the solar inverter to produce electricity. The output of a series string of solar modules is connected to the input of the inverter. Make sure the inverter is turned off while the connections are being done.
Connection between Solar Inverter and Solar Battery
In an off-grid solar system, the battery is mandatory where it is used to store power backup. This battery is connected with a solar inverter to recharge it with solar panels and a grid. The positive terminal of the battery is connected with the positive of the inverter and vice versa.
The connection between Solar Inverter and Grid
Simply plug the solar inverter to the main power switch board in order to connect the inverter to the gird which will enable it gets power from the grid. The output wire is also connected with board that is supplying electricity in the home. In order to calculate the excess energy generated from the solar system, we need to install a metering device. We need to connect the positive wire from the metering device with the line terminal and the negative wire to the neutral terminal of the inverter.
Start Solar Inverter through Solar Panel & Grid
After all the connections are done, we switch on the mains. There is a digital display that shows the total solar unit generated during the day, what is supply volt and current from solar panel etc.
The difference between doing-it-yourself and installing through professionals has a lot of dissimilarities. Calling professional solar installers in Odisha can ensure proper wiring and installation; however, doing-it-yourself may create some confusion and electrical failure which can alternatively damage the entire solar installation project. So, don’t hesitate to give a call to the professionals when dealing with solar projects.
Willing to install a solar off-grid system at your home/office/industry/firming area? Get in touch with WhiteShark Energy – the #1 solar supplier and installer in Odisha!